Bounties for breaking RSA Assumptions

For more explanation on the assumptions, please see RSA assumptions.

To improve the cryptanalysis of new RSA assumptions needed for Verifiable Delay Functions (VDFs), the Ethereum Foundation announced the following bounties at Real World Crypto 2020:

$10,000

A bounty of $10,000 will be given for:

  • An algorithm that solves the Adaptive Root Problem in an RSA group asymptotically faster than the fastest known algorithm for factoring an RSA number.1
  • Reducing the Adaptive Root Assumption to one of these assumptions: Strong RSA Assumption, RSA Assumption, Diffie-Hellman Assumption, or proving the Adaptive Root Assumption is (non-)equivalent to Factoring in the Generic Ring Model.

$3,000

  • The most interesting paper published on the Adaptive Root Assumption published in 2020. 2
  • Other unknown reductions from the Adaptive Root Assumption or the Low Order Assumption to one of the other assumptions listed here.

$1,000

  • Five prizes for high quality papers on either the Low Order Assumption or the Adaptive Root Assumption published in 2020. 3

Assumptions

For more details on the assumptions, see here: RSA Assumptions.

Concrete instances

Bounties for solving the RSA adaptive root problem in concrete RSA groups have been instantiated on an Ethereum smart contract:

Modulus (bits) Bounty
625 1 ETH
768 4 ETH
1024 8 ETH
2048 16 ETH

For more details, see /bounty-instances

  1. At this point in time, the complexity of the General Number Field Sieve is

  2. The most interesting paper will be judged by a cryptographer appointed by the Ethereum Foundation, and cannot be appealed. 

  3. These will be awarded on a first come, first serve basis by a cryptographer appointed by the Ethereum Foundation, and cannot be appealed.